Column on Interpretation of Work Safety Law (81) article 81


Article 81 The production and business operation entities shall formulate their own pre-plans for emergency rescue of production safety accidents, which shall be in line with the pre-plans for emergency rescue of production safety accidents formulated by the local people’s governments at or above the county level, and organize regular drills.Purpose This article is about the formulation of emergency rescue preplans for production safety accidents and the regular organization of drills by production and business operation entities.Production and business operation units as the subject of production safety responsibility, combined with the actual situation of the unit to formulate production safety accident emergency rescue plan, for the first time to respond to production safety accidents, minimize the loss of personnel and property has practical significance.At the same time, from the actual point of view, it is stipulated that the emergency rescue plan of production safety accidents of production and business units should be connected with the emergency rescue plan formulated by the government and regular drills should be organized, which will further improve the rescue ability to deal with sudden production safety accidents.The production and business operation entities shall formulate their own pre-plans for emergency rescue of production safety accidents. The production and business operation entities shall formulate corresponding pre-plans for emergency rescue of production safety accidents in accordance with relevant laws, regulations and other relevant provisions of the State, and in combination with their own hazardous sources, risk analysis and characteristics of possible accidents.The production and business operation entities shall comply with the following basic requirements when formulating emergency rescue preplans for production safety accidents :(1) comply with the provisions of relevant laws, regulations, rules and standards;(2) Conform to the actual situation of production safety of the company;(3) It conforms to the risk analysis of the unit;(4) Clear division of responsibilities of emergency organizations and personnel, and specific implementation measures;(5) Have clear and specific emergency procedures and measures, which are compatible with their emergency capacity;(6) Have clear emergency support measures to meet the needs of the unit’s emergency work;(7) The basic elements of the emergency plan are complete and complete, and the information provided in the annex of the emergency plan is accurate;(8) The contents of emergency plans shall be connected with relevant emergency plans.Emergency rescue preplans of production and business operation entities shall be divided into comprehensive emergency preplans, special emergency preplans and on-site disposal plans according to different situations.Where a production and business operation entity has multiple types of risks and may have multiple types of accidents, it shall organize the preparation of comprehensive emergency preplans.The comprehensive emergency plan shall specify the emergency organization and its functions, the emergency plan system, accident risk description, early warning and information report, emergency response, safeguard measures, emergency plan management and other contents.With respect to one or more types of accident risks, the production and business operation entity may work out corresponding special emergency plans, or incorporate special emergency plans into comprehensive emergency plans.The special emergency plan shall specify the emergency command organ and responsibilities, handling procedures and measures, etc.The production and business operation entities shall work out on-site disposal plans for places, installations or installations with high risks.The on-site disposal plan shall specify the responsibilities of emergency work, emergency handling measures and matters needing attention, etc.A production and business operation entity with a single risk of accident and a low risk of accident may only work out on-site disposal plans.The emergency rescue preplans of the production and business operation entities shall be in line with the emergency preplans of the local people’s governments at or above the county levelIntroduced in 2010 by the State Council on further strengthening the enterprise safety in production work notice (guo fa [2010] no. 23), and 2011 on the stick to scientific development safe development promote production safety situation steadily improving opinions (guo fa [2011] no. 40) regulation, to improve the mechanism of the enterprise and the government emergency preplan cohesion, establish a provinceCity, county three levels of production safety plan preparation system.According to the requirements of the Measures for The Administration of Emergency Preplans for Production Safety Accidents revised by the Ministry of Emergency Management in 2019, all kinds of emergency preplans prepared by production and business operation entities shall be linked up with each other, and with the emergency preplans of relevant people’s governments and their departments, emergency rescue teams and other units involved.Inflammable and explosive articles, dangerous chemicals and other dangerous goods units of production, management, storage, transportation, mining, metal smelting, urban rail transit operation, construction units, as well as hotels, shopping malls, entertainment venues, scenic spots and so on personnel intensive place business unit, ought to be in 20 working days from the date of the emergency plan announced, according to the classification of the principle, to the people at or above the county levelThe emergency administration department of the people’s government and other departments responsible for the supervision and administration of production safety shall keep records for the record and publish them to the public according to law.Iii. The production and business operation entities shall regularly organize emergency drill plans, which only provide a plan for actual combat and ensure timely, coordinated and orderly emergency rescue and other emergency disposal work when production safety accidents occur.Therefore, production and operation units need to improve their actual combat ability and level through regular drills.In accordance with the measures for the administration of production safety accident emergency plan request, the production and business operation entities shall formulate this unit drill contingency plans, according to the risk characteristics of this unit, comprehensive contingency drills organization at least once a year or special contingency drills, at least every six months to organize a field disposal scheme.After the emergency plan rehearsal, the organizing unit of the emergency plan rehearsal shall evaluate the effect of the emergency plan rehearsal, write an evaluation report of the emergency plan rehearsal, analyze the existing problems and put forward suggestions for revision of the emergency plan.At the same time, the production and business operation entities shall take various forms to carry out publicity and education of emergency preplans, popularize knowledge of avoiding production safety accidents, self-rescue and mutual rescue, and improve the safety awareness and emergency handling skills of the employees and the public.Organize and carry out training activities of emergency plan, emergency knowledge, self-rescue and mutual rescue, and hedging and escaping skills of the unit, so that relevant personnel can understand the contents of emergency plan, and be familiar with emergency responsibilities, emergency handling procedures and measures.Declaration: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com

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