Is King Mu of Zhou’s Westward Journey fake?This credit is strong enough, Sima Qian deliberately did not mention


There are different opinions about the true purpose of King Mu’s westward journey.A popular saying is that King Mu of Zhou himself was a person who liked to travel around mountains and rivers. The world was so big that he wanted to travel around.But it would be wrong to think about it.When King Mu of Zhou succeeded to the throne, he was already fifty years old, long past the age when he wanted to go out and see.In the period of the Five Emperors, the emperors had a system of traveling. They would travel around the world every once in a while, usually several years, to learn about local conditions and customs and experience the sufferings of the people.Because of this, the yellow Emperor’s capital was in today’s Shanxi Province, but he had a palace in today’s Xinjiang Province.The capital of Shun was on the border of Henan and Shanxi, but he died thousands of miles away in Hunan, on his tour.Because the three emperors and five emperors were called saints, some of their rules and regulations were also observed by later generations.As late as the Qing Dynasty, more than 4,000 years later, Kangxi toured everywhere, and he made it clear that he was following the example of the ancient saints.Qianlong emperor six jiangnan, it is hard to avoid the traces of learning the three sovereigns and five emperors.King Mu of Zhou was a person who worshipped saints very much. When he was in power, it was completely possible to practice this kind of travel system.But that’s just a formality.In addition to inheriting the form of the previous emperor, King Mu of Zhou also had three very important purposes.First, he was going to worship the Yellow Emperor, the ancient ancestor of the Chinese nation.Second, he was going to visit the queen Mother of the West, the last surviving goddess of the time.The third is to assert sovereignty.The Chinese civilization originated from the Kunlun Mountains.So today’s Xinjiang territory is the foundation of the Chinese nation.After reaching a certain stage of development, it gradually migrated eastward and further developed in the Yellow River basin, while the west gradually became a remote area.And that part of history is not written down, so it gives the illusion that the Chinese nation originated from the Loess Plateau.Although it eventually flourished on the Loess Plateau, the West was always under the control of The Yellow and Yellow.So in the Book of Mountains and Seas, the land in today’s Xinjiang is full of Chinese people.After the Xia Dynasty, however, productivity plummeted, possibly due to massive floods, and today’s Xinjiang was no longer under the control of the state.But this is not to say that this place does not belong to China, can only say delimited into the scope of wasteland.But in fact, this place and the Central Plains regime gradually separated.Therefore, king Mu of Zhou went to the Western regions. Wherever he went, the local tribes received him and offered tribute.Of course, King Mu of Zhou also gave rewards.King Mu of Zhou went west with an army.Mu Tianzi’s Biography is about the man of six divisions.But obviously, the six divisions of the Zhou dynasty had fifty to six thousand men. King Mu of The Zhou Dynasty could not have carried such a large army. It was only a part of it.The crowds were small enough to show that the purpose of the trip was to assert sovereignty over the tribes in the West, to show that they were part of China.The tribes responded, offering tribute and food for the troops.The Biography of Mu Tianzi makes it very clear that wherever King Mu of Zhou went, he became the territory of the Zhou Dynasty.This was the main purpose of King Mu’s visit to the West, and it was also the greatest achievement of his visit, even the greatest achievement of his fifty-five years as king of Zhou.Today, though, people are most familiar with the story of his meeting with the Queen Mother of the West rather than his recapture of his homeland.Therefore, Lao Yan always believed that there was something wrong with the idea that Zhang Qian had opened the Silk Road, which had been established in the Period of Yan and Huang, and restored by King Mu of Zhou.Lao Yan also believed that the claim that Xinjiang had been subordinate to China since AD 60 was also questionable. China itself originated in Xinjiang, and the establishment of the Western Regions command by the Han Dynasty was merely a reassertion of its sovereignty over Xinjiang, as king Mu had done.Then the question comes. Of course, Lao Yan regarded the story of King Mu’s westward journey as historical reality. Why didn’t other books mention this history except the biography of Mu Tianzi?In particular, why does shiji, China’s first comprehensive history and one of the most influential, not mention the history of King Mu’s westward journey?In fact, the Shiji talks about it.In the “Zhao Family”, a racer named Zao Fu is introduced. It is said that he once went to today’s Xinjiang and met the Queen Mother of the West.Zao Fu was one of king Mu’s drivers.He saw it all, and king Mu of Zhou must have seen it too.In addition, in the home of qin Shi, the story of King Mu of Zhou traveling to the west is also mentioned.But in the book of Zhou, even when writing about King Mu of Zhou, he did not mention this matter at all.No wonder people think there is no record of the Shiji.Let’s take a look at what king Mu of zhou said in the Records of the Historian.In fact, it mainly tells two things. The first one is that he enlisted dogs to fight, but there is no positive description of the war. Instead, he spent more than 500 words on a minister who prevented him from fighting.Another thing is to write that King Mu of Zhou formulated criminal law.Speaking of criminal law, we all know that Sima Qian was executed in the palace for offending emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, and he hated criminal law.So for the criminal law of the inventor of King Zhou Mu, he certainly would not have what good feelings.And the story of the war dog rong, the reason why focus on the minister to write the persuasion, but also Sima Qian that the war should not be launched.This is not to mention, Sima Qian also believed that it is because of this war, leading to the famine fu no longer zhou Dynasty tribute.Even in the Legend of Xiongnu, he attributed the invasion of the central Plains by the northern and western minorities in the following hundreds of years to king Mu’s campaign against The dog Rong.It can be seen that Sima Qian must write King Mu of Zhou as a villain.Then, of course, he gave up his great achievements such as traveling to the west.Of course, just because he didn’t write it doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist, so it’s revealed in a separate piece.Sima Qian was a great historian, but he was also a human being, with only two eggs less than the average person.Every man has his own ideas of right and wrong, his own likes and dislikes, which are inevitably expressed in his historical works.As a matter of fact, he made it very clear in Bao Ren an Shu that his purpose in writing Shiji was to “form a family statement”, that is, to express his own views.Since to express their own views, so in the material selection must be considered, with their purpose does not conform to the don’t.That’s why he didn’t include Lao Yan’s dog in shiji. I guess he didn’t like dogs.Another reason why people don’t believe king Mu traveled west to Kunlun is that the book is so magical, especially driving thousands of miles a day.In addition, according to common reasoning, there were so many mountains and rivers in Xinjiang. At that time, the Lian-Huo Highway had not been opened, so it was impossible for King Mu of Zhou to drive a carriage through many places.About these, Lao Yan in the previous article has done the explanation, here will not repeat.In short, it is indisputable that King Mu of Zhou traveled west to Kunlun.As for the details, whether every one of them is as written by Mu Tianzi, that is another matter.This event shaped the image of King Mu of Zhou as the only great emperor from the Xia Dynasty to the Western Han Dynasty, which was more prominent than the so-called Rule of Cheng Kang.Therefore, the Chinese nation needs to commemorate King Mu and remember his achievements.

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